Hemorrhoids are one of the most common diseases. Word «hemorrhoid» translated from Greek language means «bleeding», which directly connected with the most prevalent symptom of this disease – there is blood outflow from anus. Hemorrhoids are equally common among male and female. Frequently females mark acute haemorrhoidal thrombosis; usually it happens during third trimester of pregnancy Read_______ Anorectal abscess signifies inflammation of the fat in one of the spaces surrounding the anorectum. Infection from rectum by anal glands, which are situated in anal crypts of the anal canal penetrate perianal tissue. Crypt abscess always is at the level of the dentate line. The reasons of crypt abscess are different: constipation, hemorrhoids, anal fissure ecc. Anal gland infection is also the principal cause of anal fistulas. Read_______ Anal fissure is a spontaneously appeared linear tear (ulcer) in the anal mucosa. Anal fissure is quite common. Among proctology disease this is one of three the most frequent (11%-15% or 20-23 cases amongst 1000 people). Anal fissures are more prevalent among young and middle- age females. Read_______ Constipation. Now constipation is one of the most common conditions that bring a patient to see a physician in al the world. For example, 2.5 million people with constipation (1.2% in the general population) visit each year doctors and even more numbers try to solve this problem by themselves using laxatives. What is constipation? Constipation is not separate disease. There is symptom of many illness. Read_______ . Ulcerative colitis is chronic recurrent bowel disease, which is based on manifest diffuse non-specific inflammation of the mucosa of the rectum and colon. Read_______ Cron`s colitis is chronic, recurrent, inflammatory disease of unknown etiology that affects the gastrointestinal tract This disease is characterized by skip lesion and transmural inflammation, and it can be affect any segment of the gastrointestinal tract. This illness also has tendency to early, local and system complications. Read_______ Polyps and polyposis syndromes. The definition of polyp is not clear at all. Presently, only epithelial glands excrescence, which rises above mucosa, is called true polyp. Read_______ Rectal cancer. These days rectal cancer without exaggeration is the problem of global degree. Read_______ Colon cancer. Measurement of (CEA) carcinoembryonic antigen, which was found in embryonic cellules of gastrointestinal tract, is another direction in the early detection of colon and rectal cancer. Read_______
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